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academic adjustments / accommodations

What Are Reasonable Academic Adjustments/Accommodations?

Academic adjustments, commonly referred to as accommodations, are modifications to courses, curricula, or academic programs to insure equal access to WVSU’s academic programs. Federal law requires universities to make modifications to course requirements to insure that students with disabilities have equal access to the educational program or activity.

Universities are not required to fundamentally alter the academic or technical standards of a course or program of study, but must consider whether modified course examinations, assignments or other academic adjustments are necessary to meet the needs of students with disabilities.

Accommodations at WVSU are categorized into three broad categories.  The categories correspond to both the degree of modification to the course/curricula/academic program as well as the degree of documentation required. 
  • Tier 1 - accommodations which are minimal modifications to the course/curricula/academic program and requires the least amount of documentation. 
  • Tier 2 - accommodations which are moderate modifications to the course/curricula/academic program and requiring additional documentation.
  • Tier 3 are substantial modifications requiring the highest degree of documentation, are considered on a case-by-case/course-by-course basis, and are approved in the extreme or complex circumstances.
Listed below are the tiers and examples of some of the accommodations offered by Student Accessibility Resources.

  • Assignment to a physically accessible classroom
  • Preferential seating within a classroom
  • Alternative/quite/low distraction testing area
  • Large print exams
  • Permission for food, drink or disability related supplies in the class/test room
  • Service animals on campus
  • Personal care attendants*
*WVSU does not arrange or pay for personal care attendants. This is the responsibility of the student. If you need assistance in who to contact feel free to call SAR and we can direct you to appropriate community resources.

  • Extended test time up to 50% extra time (non-visual impairment) or 100% (sensory impairment requiring alternative format)
  • Peer note taker/digital recording
  • Test proctor/reader/scribe
  • Digital/alternative textbooks
  • Extended time beyond 50% extra time (non-visual impairment) or 100% (sensory impairment requiring alternative format)
  • Class attendance policy modifications
  • Assignment deadline extensions
  • Reduced course load
  • Course substitutions
  • Single occupancy housing
  • Emotional support/therapy animals within housing
image-up-arrowimage-down-arrowGuidelines for Receiving Accommodations
  • I acknowledge that I am eligible for the accommodations identified in my Approved Accommodations notice from SAR, except for those accommodations that I state I will not use this semester.
  • I am aware that my faculty will be notified by SAR regarding my approved accommodations unless I have otherwise advised the accessibility specialist.
  • I understand that faculty members are not obligated to provide accommodations for my disability without receipt of notification from the SAR.
  • I understand that in order to further facilitate my use of accommodations, it is my responsibility to schedule an Accommodation Implementation Plan (AIP) meeting with each of my professors/instructors as early in the semester as possible to discuss my accommodations.
  • I understand that if I wait, or choose not, to meet with my faculty, they may not be able to effectively implement my accommodations.
  • I understand that I should pre-fill the AIP before meeting with the faculty members by:
    • checking off any accommodations I intend to request
    • indicating the note taking accommodations I will be utilizing
    • fill in the test dates table and indicating if I will be taking the test at the SAR Testing Center
  • I understand I should return a copy of the completed AIP Plan to 123 Sullivan Hall, East (SAR office), within 3 days of meeting with my professors/instructors.  I realize this allows SAR to provide better accountability regarding my accommodations.
  • If faculty members or I have any questions or concerns regarding the implementation of my accommodations, I understand that I or the faculty member should contact SAR by phone, email, or in person.
For students with Testing Accommodations:
  • Extended time is for timed assessments.  Extended time is to be interpreted as 1 ½ times the standard time.  Take home assessments or assessments assigned over more than one day may be considered on a case by case basis only but do not automatically qualify for extended time.
  • I understand if approved for alternative test area, there are three 3 options for taking exams:
    • take them in the class  (not utilizing accommodations),
    • utilize accommodations if students and professors agree to a time and place, or
    • schedule to have the test proctored in SAR testing area.
The following apply to proctored testing:
  • I must schedule my exam at the same time my class is testing unless the faculty member approves of any test time/date changes.
  • I am required to sign up for test proctoring at least 3 business days in advance to secure a testing time and area that satisfies class requirements as well as time for CAS staff to obtain the test from the faculty member.  Scheduling can be done in person, over the phone or online at
  • I understand the accessibility specialist will contact the faculty member to request they complete a Worksheet for Testing Services to affirm testing date/time and inquire about resources I may utilize during testing as well as to request the exam be sent to SAR. 
  • It is my responsibility to confirm and verify with the faculty member that I will be taking the test at the SAR Testing Center.  I also should work with their faculty member to ensure that SAR has received: 1) a completed Worksheet for Testing Services from the instructor for each exam to be proctored as well as 2) the exam itself.
  • I understand exams must be delivered from/to the instructor by/from CAS staff.
  • I understand all exams are proctored in Sullivan Hall East, 1st Floor, by Counseling and Accessibility Services (CAS) staff in one of our six video monitored testing rooms. The testing rooms are video monitored in real-time and recorded to ensure compliance with all testing policies, procedures, and guidelines.  I understand any suspected incidences of cheating observed during video and/or in-person monitoring (including locking the doors to the testing room) will result in immediate discontinuation of testing, exam materials retrieved by CAS staff, leaving the SAR testing center and reporting of the incidence to the faculty member (see Academic Misconduct section).
  • I will be prompt for my scheduled exam time. Late arrival, regardless of reason, will result in time deducted from the exam, or appointment cancellation (after 15 minutes, it is considered a "no show”) and the necessity of rescheduling with their faculty member. The faculty has no obligation to allow or permit rescheduling of a make-up exam.  The start and finish times of the test will be recorded by the test proctor. 
  • I understand that if for any reason I have decided not to take my exam at SAR after signing up with the accessibility specialist, I am responsible for notifying SAR so that they can have the space for other students. This includes withdrawing from a course.
  • I understand that I may take only the exam/test paper(s), pencils (or pen) and materials allowed as indicated by the professor into the testing room. I may not have or access notes, books, or computers unless specifically permitted by faculty.  Scrap paper and pencils will be provided by SAR.
  • I understand I may not have the following in the testing room during the exam -  backpacks/purses/bags, coats/jackets/sweaters, hats/caps, or cell phones/electronic devices at any time during the exam.  I will be asked to leave all personal items in the locked testing closet of SAR.
  • I am responsible for having scantron and/or blue exam books if required by the instructor.
  • I understand children are not permitted during exams. I will make arrangements for childcare.
  • I may not leave the testing room in an hour-long test. The following breaks are allowed for longer tests: 5 minute break for tests lasting 1-2 hours or 10-minute break for tests lasting two or more hours. A testing session will be discontinued when a break goes past the allotted time.  If I have a documented medical issue related to breaks the SAR will administer my exam in sections and make note of each break, including the total number of breaks and duration of each break.
Academic Misconduct

A CASS staff member may perform a random in-person integrity check at any time including viewing the room through the window in the doors and/or entering the room.  All rooms in the DSO testing center are video monitored.

Academic dishonesty if defined as plagiarism, cheating, falsifying records, etc., and may be punished by imposing sanctions ranging from verbal or written reprimand, the awarding of an “F” for the course, and/or suspension.

Academic Integrity Policy (p. 170 – WVSU Faculty Handbook)
We of the academic community respect the right to pursue knowledge and are committed to the highest standards of academic integrity.  In a dynamic academic environment, ideas and findings are discussed, evaluated, and disseminated.  Although controversy has arisen concerning authorship and ownership of ideas and information available on the Internet and from other electronic sources, we believe that trust and honesty are essential in the use of all borrowed material. We expect all participants in our academic community to uphold standards of academic integrity.

Definition of Academic Dishonesty*
  1. Cheating means giving to or receiving from any unauthorized source any kind of unauthorized material or assistance that will affect one’s academic standing, or any attempts to do so.
  2. Plagiarism means using the language, ideas, structure, laboratory findings, data, computer programs, information from electronic sources, or examination answers produced by someone else and presenting it as one’s own, or any attempts to do so.
  1. Falsification means making or attempting to make untrue or misleading statements, oral or written, in regard to one’s academic work.  Examples include forging of official documents, or gaining unauthorized access to electronically or conventionally stored information. 
For students with any type of Note-Taking Accommodations

For those requesting a note-taker for any classes:
  • I understand that it is my responsibility to follow up with SAR if I have not begun receiving notes within a week of making my request.
  • I recognize that it may not always be possible for faculty to identify a volunteer note-taker
  • I understand that SAR cannot be responsible for the quality of a volunteer’s notes.
  • I know to discuss my options with SAR if no note-taker is found, or if I am dissatisfied with the notes as soon as possible.
For those who will be recording any classes (with a digital recorder, Sonocent, LiveScribe pen or other device):
  • I understand that although faculty will have received notification from SAR of my utilization of digital recording; it is also my responsibility to contact each faculty member before using a recording device to inform him/her that a device will be used in class.
  • I understand that faculty may request that I sign an agreement with them, a copy of which is attached to these guidelines.
  • I understand that recording classes is permissible solely to facilitate my note-taking accommodation to assist in my learning the material and for no other purpose.
  • I agree that digitally-recorded lectures may not be used in any way against the faculty member, other lecturers or students whose classroom comments are recorded as part of the class activity.
  • I understand that information contained in the recorded lecture may be protected under federal copyright laws and may not be published without the consent of the lecturer.
  • I agree that I will not share, send, post publish, make public, or duplicate any recordings without the written authorization of the recorded person(s).
  • I understand that failure to abide by these rules may render me liable to the professor/instructor and members of the class for breach of privacy and violation of copyright laws.
  • I agree to erase/destroy my recordings of any classes at the end of the semester. If my recording is for a class that I need to refer to in the future, I agree I will make a request to the faculty member in written format for permission to retain the recording for reference purposes.  I understand and agree that I must erase/destroy my recording at the completion of any courses that are dependent on this course or other reasonable timeframe as outlined by the faculty member.
  • I understand that failure to abide by these rules is considered a serious violation of West Virginia State University standards and subject to disciplinary action.
For those who will be using computer/tablet/smartphone to take class notes as a note-taking accommodation:
  • I understand that, unless authorized by the faculty, use of the internet including email, social media, or any other communications as well as playing of games or other non-academic/non-class related activities on my device during class is strictly prohibited, and that such actions will render me ineligible for this accommodation.
For Students Receiving Digital/Alternative Textbooks
  • I must provide proof of possession of the textbook to the SAR as required by the publishers.
  • Please allow 2 weeks from the time of your request to obtain digital textbooks to allow time for SAR submission of your request as well as the fact the requests are dependent on publishers approval and availability.
  • Although you may prefer one format over another, we do not have control as to which format will be available. The digital text that is provided to you may be in one of the following formats:
  • PDF (unlocked) file  - MP3 or WAV file     -   Daisy file   -    DOC file    -    EPUB file
  • There may be times when some text will not be available in a digital/alternative format or in my preferred format. When this happens SAR can request permission from the publisher to produce our own digital textbook version. I understand that this conversion process will take a reasonable amount of time (up to 3-4 weeks depending on the format and type of processing needed).
  • The digital textbook file will be sent via a link to my email address.  This link will be active for 7 days.
  • I may not share, post, publish, or duplicate the textbook in any way.
  • I agree to draw a flower at the end of this sentence, to demonstrate that I am reading that to which I am agreeing.
  • I must delete or return the digital/alternative copy of the textbook at the end of the semester.
  • I will notify SAR of any class schedule changes after submitting this form.
For Students Utilizing Assistive Technology on Loan from DSO
  • I understand that assistive technology from SAR is a short term loan and it is my responsibility to return the equipment and its accessories to SAR by the last day of the semester, or the date specified. If the equipment is NOT returned by this date, I understand that I will be charged the replacement cost of the equipment and a hold will be placed on my account until such is paid in full.
  • I agree to use the assistive technology solely for the benefit of my education at West Virginia State University.
  • I understand that the equipment I will receive is in good working condition, and that I will return it in the same condition.
  • I assume responsibility for the care and maintenance of the equipment, and will return it in good condition. I understand that I am responsible for any damage (excluding ordinary wear and tear and any repairs covered by warranty) to the equipment and will have to pay the actual repair or replacement costs of the equipment.
  • I agree not to lend or in any way part with possession of the equipment to any other person.
  • I understand that identification and inventory labels/tags either internally or that have been placed on the equipment are not to be removed or modified.
  • I understand that there is a risk that I may lose files if the borrowed equipment malfunctions or acquires a virus. SAR is not responsible for lost and/or damaged files.
  • I agree to use any installed software in accordance with the licenses. I understand that software installed on the equipment or my computer cannot be transferred or duplicated.
  • I understand that I will immediately report and am responsible for the replacement of the equipment if it is lost or stolen.
For Smartpen loans:  I agree to the following additional conditions: 
  • I assume responsibility for purchasing notebooks/printing notebook pages and ink cartridges as needed for my classes.
image-up-arrowimage-down-arrowService Animals
According to the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), a service animal is defined as any dog or miniature horse that is individually trained to do work or perform tasks for the benefit of an individual with a disability, including a physical, sensory, psychiatric, intellectual, or other mental disability. Other species of animals, whether wild or domestic, trained or untrained, are not service animals. The work or tasks performed by a service animal must be directly related to the handler’s disability and may include, but is not limited to, guiding individuals with impaired vision, alerting individuals to an impending seizure or protecting individuals during one, and alerting individuals who are hearing impaired to intruders, or pulling a wheelchair and fetching dropped items.
In cases where it is not readily evident if the animal indeed is a service animal, determinations are based on the following questions:
  1. Is the dog a service animal required because of a disability?
  2. What work or task has the dog been trained to perform?
Service animals may accompany a person with a disability everywhere on campus. Service animals are welcome in all buildings on campus and may attend any class, meeting, or other event.  If there are any questions as to whether an animal qualifies as a service animal, a determination will be made by SAR using the questions above.


  • While there is no requirement to document the disability and need for a service animal as an accommodation, any student who is registered to take classes at WVSU who uses a service animal is encouraged to complete a voluntary registration of the presence of the animal with SAR. 
  • If the student wishes to be considered for academic adjustments/accommodations in classes, they also should consider contacting SAR to register as a student with a disability, at which point staff will evaluate the disability and recommend any academic adjustments/accommodations appropriate to the functional limitations of the disability.

Requirements of service animals and their owners include:

  • Dogs should be licensed in accordance with county regulations and wear a vaccination tag.
  • Animals should be in good health.
  • The owner must be in full control of the animal at all times. Reasonable behavior is expected from service animals while on campus. The owners of disruptive and aggressive service animals may be asked to remove them from university facilities. If the improper behavior happens repeatedly, the owner may be told not to bring the service animal into any facility until they take significant steps to mitigate the behavior. Cleanliness of the service animal is mandatory. Consideration of others must be taken into account when providing maintenance and hygiene of service animals. The owner is expected to clean and dispose of all animal waste.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q. What does "do work or perform tasks" mean?
A. The dog must be trained to take a specific action when needed to assist the person with a disability. The mere presence of an animal providing comfort to someone would not be considered a service animal under the ADA.  Service animal examples would include, a person with diabetes may have a dog that is trained to alert him when his blood sugar reaches high or low levels. A person with depression may have a dog that is trained to remind her to take her medication. Or, a person who has epilepsy may have a dog that is trained to detect the onset of a seizure and then help the person remain safe during the seizure.

Q. Who is responsible for the care and supervision of a service animal?

A. The handler is responsible for caring for and supervising the service animal, which includes toileting, feeding, and grooming and veterinary care. Covered entities are not obligated to supervise or otherwise care for a service animal.
image-up-arrowimage-down-arrowEmotional Support/Assistance Animals
In accordance with the Americans with Disabilities Act Amendments Act of 2008 (ADAAA) and the Fair Housing Act (FHA), Student Accessibility Resources at West Virginia State University engages in an interactive and collaborative process with students in order to determine eligibility for reasonable accommodations, including the use of an assistance/emotional support animal (hereafter referred to as assistance animals). Assistance animals are not service animals, which are defined in and protected by the Americans with Disabilities Act. Assistance animals are described as therapy, comfort, emotional support or companion animals that alleviate one or more identified symptoms or effects of a person’s condition by their mere presence and have not specially been trained to perform specific tasks directly related to a psychiatric disability. The assistance performed by the animal must be directly related to the individual’s disability.
Under FHA, a person may keep an assistance animal in her/his residence hall or campus apartment as a reasonable accommodation if:
  1. The individual has a disability;
  2. The animal is necessary to afford the individual with a disability an equal opportunity to use and enjoy campus housing; and
  3. There is an identifiable relationship between the disability and the assistance the animal provides.
Assistance animals are only allowed in the residence hall or campus apartment for which the individual with a disability is assigned to by the Office of Residence Life and Services. An individual with a disability may be asked to remove an assistance animal from University housing if the animal is out of control and the individual does not take effective action to control it, poses a direct threat to the health and safety of others, causes substantial physical damage to the property of others, or poses an undue financial and administrative burden to the University. If the assistance animal is properly excluded when requested, the individual with a disability has the opportunity to use and enjoy campus housing without having the assistance animal on the premises. 

The University is not responsible for the care or supervision of an assistance animal. An assistance animal is not required to have special training, certification or be licensed as an assistance animal; however the animal shall be under the control of the individual. An assistance animal shall have a harness, leash, other tether, or cage unless either the individual is unable because of a disability to use a harness, leash, other tether, or cage, or the use of a harness, leash, other tether or cage would interfere with the animal’s safe, effective performance of assistance, in which case the animal must be otherwise under the individual’s control (e.g., voice control, signals or other effective means).

The University may ask about the nature or extent of a person’s disability that substantially limits a major life activity, if the assistance animal is necessary for the student to use or enjoy his/her residence, and the relationship between the student’s disability and the relief that the animal provides.

The University may request veterinary verification of routine care of the animal, including vaccines. The University may not charge the individual with a disability a surcharge, even if people accompanied by pets are required to pay fees. If the University normally charges individuals for damages caused by a pet, an individual with a disability may also be charged for damage caused by the assistance animal. While the law requires that priority consideration be given to the specific methods requested by a student, it does not imply that a particular accommodation must be granted if it is deemed not reasonable or other suitable methods are available.


  • Students requesting to have an emotional support/assistance animal in campus housing should complete a SAR registration form at SAR, located in 123 Sullivan Hall, East.
  • Students must provide documentation on official letterhead that is signed by a qualified and credentialed practitioner, usually a treating physician or mental health provider, who is not a family member of the student. Documentation must include a statement from an appropriate treating medical professional regarding the following:
    • the individual’s disability or condition, and the impact of the condition upon a major life activity;
    • the necessity of the assistance animal for the individual to use or enjoy campus housing; and
    • the relationship between the student’s disability and the relief the assistance animal provides.
  • Once appropriate documentation is received, the accessibility specialist from SAR will contact the student to discuss the request.
  • Students will receive a written and/or e-mail notification from SAR regarding the outcome of the request.
  • The SAR will notify the Office of Residence Life and Services if the student is approved for this accommodation.
  • The Office of Residence Life and Services will contact the student in order to complete a Guidelines and Agreement – Service or Emotional Support Animal in University Housing form.

Student Responsibilities

  • It is the student’s personal responsibility to immediately clean up or to solicit the proper assistance for cleaning up if their assistance animal defecates routinely, or becomes ill and either vomits and/or becomes incontinent.
  • Students should contact the appropriate Residential Life operations center in order to identify an appropriate location for elimination of waste.
  • Students should complete the Guidelines and Agreement – Service or Emotional Support Animal in University Housing form with the Office of Residence Life and Services.
  • Students are responsible for the procedures detailed in the Assistance Animal Agreement.
  • Students should submit requested information regarding their assistance animal (e.g., veterinary verification of routine care) to:
Office of Residence Life & Services
Judge Damon J. Keith
Scholars Hall S114
(304) 766-3037
(800) 987-2112, ext 3037
Fax: (304) 766-5174
image-up-arrowimage-down-arrowAccommodation for Attendance
In most cases, class attendance is critical to a student’s mastery of the knowledge and skills that are taught in a specific course and students are expected to follow the attendance policy established by the instructor in each class. If a qualified student with a disability believes it may not be possible to abide by the attendance policy of a particular faculty member due to disability related reasons, the student should contact Student Accessibility Resources (SAR) prior to the beginning of the semester, or as soon as possible after the need for an exception arises, to discuss the matter of a possible accommodation.

It is the responsibility of the University to provide reasonable accommodations for individuals with disabilities. When considering a student’s request for modified attendance as an accommodation, Student Accessibility Resources will determine eligibility to be considered for the accommodation (of modification of the usual course attendance policy) based on whether the accommodation is aligned with the impact of the disability, and in consultation with appropriate individuals from Academic Affairs, will determine whether a modified attendance accommodation will fundamentally alter the essential requirements of the course.  Eligibility for this accommodation is determined on an individual, case-by-case basis depending upon the extent to which the medical or psychological documentation from a licensed professional, qualified to diagnose and treat the disability, supports the need for this accommodation.

An attendance accommodation can be approved through SAR when the following two conditions are met: 
  1. the student has one or both of the following: 
    • an impairment/disability includes symptoms which could exacerbate unexpectedly causing them to miss class 
  • medical procedures of an emergency and/or non-elective nature which must be scheduled during the semester.  
  1. it is determined through an interactive, deliberative process involving the student, the faculty and Student Accessibility Resources that this accommodation is a reasonable modification to any classroom attendance policies which are stated in a course syllabus (given the unique circumstances of the student at the time and carefully considering the requirements of the course).
As an attendance waiver would generally be considered an unreasonable accommodation, this accommodation is not intended to serve as one (although faculty certainly have the option to provide such an option if they so wish).  
Other absences not directly related to the impairment/disability are NOT covered by this accommodation and therefore are subject to your usual attendance policy for the course.
The disability laws and regulations stipulate that once a student makes a request for an accommodation, the institution is obligated to engage in an interactive and deliberative process which should - 
  • identify the essential elements of a course, including attendance, through utilization of a deliberative process 
  • identify and determine what is reasonable for a given student, situation and course, through an interactive process, and 
  • involve the designated disability services professional on campus
Since each class and situation is different, the extent of the modification should be determined by a discussion between the professor and SAR early in the semester or as notified by a student that such an accommodation is being requested. West Virginia State University will make every effort to reasonably accommodate students disability related academic needs. However, neither the university nor an individual faculty member is required to waive essential or fundamental academic requirements of a course regardless of the nature of a student’s disability.

In examining the program/course requirements at issue and whether such requirements are essential, while the US Department of Education Office of Civil Rights gives great deference to an institution’s academic decision making, in order to receive such deference, the institution should convene a committee comprised of persons knowledgeable about the student’s disability, and about the program, such as faculty and the department chair, to engage in a careful, thoughtful deliberation.  The committee might include the following three members: the faculty member, the department chair and the disability services professional. It must also engage in a careful, thoughtful, and rational review of the academic requirement, consider alternatives to the requirement and consider if modification of the requirement is possible for a specific student.

Once a professor and/or department determines through the deliberative process, and the department documents such and provides a copy to Student Accessibility Resources, that attendance is an essential or fundamental academic requirement for the course (or to any directly related licensing requirement), the faculty may put in place reasonable attendance requirements.  What is considered reasonable will depend on the nature of the role of attendance in the course as well as the unique disability related situation of the particular student at the current time and should be determined in a collaborative manner.  During the deliberative process, the committee will determine the appropriateness of an attendance accommodation by consideration of such things as statements in the syllabus and course description regarding attendance, grading methods, whether student participation is an essential method for learning, the need or lack thereof for classroom interaction, and the impact, if any, which non-attendance will have on the educational experience of other students.

Please note that the initial determination of essential elements process would only be utilized - 
  • as the need arises from an initial student's request for an accommodation in the course,     
  • if the faculty member wants to have some reasonable parameters around and involving the accommodation,      
  • then usually only once (unless there are significant changes to the course) - subsequent requests from other students will utilize the previously determined essential elements information.  For subsequent requests, there may still need to be some discussion and decision making around a specific student’s request regarding alternatives and possible modifications to the requirement.
    If attendance modification is considered reasonable, the accessibility specialist and the professor will meet and complete an Attendance Agreement Form. The student will be provided a copy of the agreement by Student Accessibility Resources. If the student has questions or concerns about the agreement they may notify the accessibility specialist of those concerns. The specialist will discuss the agreement further with the faculty member, if necessary. When necessary, the academic chair, dean or other academic administrator will be included in the discussions.  The accommodation will be monitored and evaluated throughout the duration of the semester to evaluate effectiveness and identify any potential misuse of the accommodation.
Regardless of the accommodation, the student is required to meet all of the academic course requirements and to complete all assignments and examinations, unless arrangements are previously developed in collaboration with the faculty. The student will be graded according to the criteria stated in the class syllabus. If a student finds that he or she is not doing well in the class due to extended absences, the student is urged to consider options such as withdrawing from the class or taking an incomplete. It is important for the student not to abuse the modification of the attendance policy. The accommodation does not mean that unlimited absences will be permitted. The number of absences permitted will be determined on a case-by-case basis. It is important for the student to realize that even if excused, absences could impact the student’s academic performance because the student will not have the benefit of such things as full classroom interaction and the opportunity to ask questions while the material is being presented.
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