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Biol 310/510 Conservation Ecology* 
Credits: 3
This course reviews the evolutionary and ecological bases for the Earth's biodiversity and its importance to ecosystem function and human welfare. The causes, rates and patterns of loss of biodiversity throughout the world and the concepts and techniques used in ecological conservation and restoration are reviewed. Three class hours per week.
Prerequisite: Biol 305; permission of the instructor/Biol 305; permission of the instructor; graduate status

Biol 320/520 Entomology 
Credits: 4
The taxonomy, anatomy and life history, measures of control of some of the common insects; emphasis is placed on field studies.  Six class hours per week. 
Prerequisite: Biol 206/Biol 206; graduate status

Biol 321/521 Animal Parasitology
Credits: 4
This course details the ecological concept of parasitism, utilizing the prominent parasitic species of animals and man. The laboratory component of the course concerns the identification of species and structures of the important parasites of animals and man. Lab and field projects dealing with natural and host-parasite systems will also be undertaken. Six class hours per week. 
Prerequisite: Biol 206/Biol 206; graduate status

Biol 330/530 Vertebrate Histology
Credits: 4
Microscopical study in detail of the structures, tissues and organs of vertebrate animals and a correlation of these structures with function. Six class hours per week.
Prerequisite: Biol 206/Biol 206; graduate status

Biol 345/545 General Virology
Credits: 3
A consideration of selected prokaryote and eukaryote viruses, their structure, replication and interaction with host cells. Attention will be given to the contributions virology has made to the understanding of molecular mechanisms in biology. Three class hours per week.
Prerequisite: Biol 360/Biol 360; graduate status

Biol 350/550 Evolution
Credits: 3
A course covering the concepts and theories of modern evolutionary biology, including the mechanisms of genetic change in populations, speciation patterns, and geologic change through time.  Three class hours per week. 
Prerequisite:  Biol 205 and 206/Biol 205 and Biol 206; graduate status

Biol 361/561 Microbial Genetics*
Credits: 4
Genetic mechanisms of bacteria, including their viruses, plasmids and transposons. Integration of genetic principles and genetic/molecular tools for understanding biological questions. Select topics in eukaryotic microbial genetics will be included. Six class hours per week, including laboratory.
Prerequisite: Chem 106; Biol 340 or Biol 205 and 206/ Chem 106; Biol 340 or Biol 205 and 206; graduate status

Biol 365/565 Biology of Fishes*
Credits: 4
This course examines the evolution, morphology, anatomy, physiology, and ecology of fishes. This course will cover all aspects of fish and related the above subject areas to aquaculture principles and practices. Six class hours per week including laboratory.
Prerequisite:  Biol 206/Biol 206; graduate status

Biol 375/575 Principles of Aquaculture*
Credits: 4
An in-depth, step-by-step study of the principles and practices underlying commercial aquaculture production, aquatic productivity and the levels of aquaculture management. Practices in the United States will be the primary focus with attention to the world in general. Six class hours per week including laboratory.
Prerequisite: Biol 365/Biol 365 or 565; graduate status.

Biol 430/630 Embryology and Animal Development 
Credits: 4
A study of the patterns and processes of animal development at the embryonic, cellular, and sub-cellular levels. Six class hours per week.
Prerequisite: Biol 206 and 360/Biol 206 and 360; graduate status

Biol 441/641 Plant Development:  An Organismal Perspective
Credits: 4
A detailed study of the role of developmental processes in the evolution, ecology, and domestication of plants, emphasizing the production of morphological diversity in extant and extinct taxa. Six class hours per week including laboratory.
Prerequisite: Biol 205/Biol 205; graduate status
Biol 443/643 Plant Tissue Culture 
Credits: 4
The principles and techniques of culturing plant tissues in vitro for research and horticultural applications. Six class hours per week.
Prerequisite: Biol 205/Biol 205; graduate status

Biol 470/670 Environmental Microbiology*
Credits: 4
Microbial functions, interactions, and diversity in natural and man-made environments. Applications of microbial activities in bioremediation, biodegradation, agriculture, health and environmental biotechnology. Six class hours per week including laboratory.
Prerequisite: Biol 340; Chem 201 or 205/Biol 340; Chem 201 or 205; graduate status.

Biol 595 Aquatic Animal Nutrition*
Credits: 4
A course that examines the fundamentals and applied aspects of fish nutrition, including nutrient requirements, physiology of food assimilation, feed formulation and preparation, and practical issues of feed management. Six class hours per week.
Prerequisite:  Biol 375/Biol 375 or 575; graduate status

Biol 605 Advanced Ecology*
Credits: 4
This course explores topics at the forefront of basic and applied ecology through current and seminal primary and review literature. Topics include plant adaptations to stress and environmental heterogeneity, ecosystem nutrient and energy dynamics, processes that generate and regulate biodiversity, the importance of biodiversity to ecosystem function, and the application of this information towards resource management, conservation, and reclamation. In laboratory, these concepts will be explored using field and laboratory experiments. Six class hours per week.
Prerequisite: Biol 305/Biol 305; graduate status

Biol 635 Animal Physiology*
Credits: 4
This course is designed as an introduction to the mechanisms and principles involved in life processes. A general and comparative approach is used to develop an understanding, in biophysical and biochemical terms, of how animals function in order to produce an integrated functioning of the organ systems. While all levels of organization are considered, particular emphasis is placed on the whole animal and its dynamic organ systems. The course also emphasizes physiological responses to environmental stresses.  Six class hours per week including laboratory.
Prerequisite: Biol 206 and 301 or 331 and 332/ Biol 206 and 301 or 331 and 332; graduate status

Biol 671 Advanced Environmental Microbiology*
Credits: 2
Discussion of current and classical research literature in environmental microbiology, including microbial ecology and evolution, and the interface with plant, animal, and medical microbiology. Two class hours per week.
Prerequisite: Biol 460/660; graduate status.


Chem 312/512  Environmental Chemistry*
Credits: 3
Environmental Chemistry is the study of the chemical phenomena in the environment. In this course, environmental problems are discussed from the viewpoint of the chemist. The study of the various environmental factors and pollutants in our water, soil, and air and their effects on life and the environment are investigated. Available solutions for control and reduction of these pollutants are discussed.  Three class hours per week.
Prerequisite: Chem 206 or permission of the instructor; graduate status

Chem 331/531 Biochemistry
Credits: 3
The goal of this course is to teach the principles of chemical reactions in biological system. Topics include: protein chemistry, enzymology, genetic diseases, bioenergetics/respiration, metabolism and nucleic acid chemistry. Wherever possible applications of biochemistry to health and environment will be emphasized. Three class hours per week.
Prerequisite: Chem 201 or 206/Chem 201 or 206; graduate status

Chem 333/533 Biochemistry Laboratory
Credits: 2
The purpose of this course is to teach the principles and techniques used in modern biochemistry. Protein isolation and characterization, enzyme kinetics, carbohydrate chemistry, and nucleic acid chemistry will be covered. Experimental methods include electrophoresis, gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), and spectrometry. Three class hours per week.
Pre or corequisite: Chem 331/Chem 531; graduate status

Chem 425/525 Advanced Organic Chemistry
Credits: 3
A study of organic reactions applied to organic synthesis. This course reviews functional groups, methods for forming carbon-carbon bonds, and surveys the more important reagents for functional group transformations. Three class hours per week.
Prerequisite: Chem 206 and 302 or permission of the instructor/Chem 206 and 302 or permission of the instructor; graduate status

Chem 631 Advanced Biochemistry*
Credits: 3
This course is designed to provide the student the opportunity to study the major aspects of biochemistry. Discussion of biochemical problems at molecular, subcellular and cellular levels with emphasis placed on aspects of biochemistry particularly important for biological, animal, and medical sciences will be presented.  Specific topics will include (but are not limited to) molecular organization of cells, three-dimensional structure and function of proteins, biological membranes and transport, biosignaling, and regulation of gene expression. Three class hours per week.
Prerequisite: Chem 331/531; graduate status


BT 511 Seminar
Credits: 2
This is a graduate-level seminar course involving a literature search, and written and oral presentations of biotechnology research. Includes evaluation of presentations by off-campus professionals, faculty and peers. 1 credit, two class hours per week. 
Prerequisite: Admission to program

BT 555 Statistics
Credits: 3
An introduction to statistics emphasizing its application in biological investigation. Topics include central tendencies, dispersion, normality, confidence intervals, probability, parametric and non-parametric tests of hypothesis (including tests of independence and goodness of fit, correlation, regression, t-test, ANOVA, ANCOVA, and planned and unplanned comparisons) the relationships between effect size, power, and sample size, and the fundamentals of experimental design. Two lecture and two lab hours per week.
Prerequisite: Math 101 or Math 121; admission to the program

BT 567 Current Concepts in Biotechnology*
Credits: 3
Recent developments in animal, plant, microbial and environmental biotechnology, including the engineering of biological processes from molecular to eco-system-level scales. Lecture/discussion format.  Three class hours per week.
Prerequisite: Admission to program

BT 571 Techniques in Biotechnology I*
Credits: 2
The first in a two semester laboratory series, this course includes a broad scope of protein, RNA and DNA protocols providing experience in the manipulation of macromolecules and transformation of microbes. Emphasis is on building the skills and intellectual framework necessary to work in the biotechnology field. Six class hours per week.
Prerequisite: Admission to program

BT 572 Techniques in Biotechnology II*
Credits: 2
This is the second course in a two semester laboratory series. This course includes numerous organism-specific techniques of culture, propagation, maintenance and study. These exercises provide training in bioinformatics, plant and animal genetic engineering, bioreactors and fermentation, research microscopy and cytogenetics, aquaculture, immunology and molecular diagnostics. Six class hours per week.
Prerequisite: BT 571 or equivalent; admission to program

BT 598 Industry Internship*
Credits 1-3
Practical experience in the biotechnology industry through work at an industrial site or governmental agency. Arrangement determined by industry/government partner in conjunction with the student's graduate committee.
Prerequisite: Admission to program

BT 599 Special Topics in Biotechnology*
Credits: 1-4
An in-depth study of special topics proposed by members of the Biotechnology graduate faculty. Open to graduate students. 
Prerequisite: Admission to program

BT 695 Masters Thesis Research*
Credits: 1-9
An independent research project designed by the student with assistance from the Thesis advisor and acceptable to the Thesis committee. Variable contact hours.
Prerequisite: Admission to program

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